The plight of Earth’s primates has prompted researchers around the world to call for sweeping societal changes before hundreds of non-human species are driven to extinction. Thirty-one prominent scientists, including Yale University biological anthropologist Eduardo ... Read more
Astrocytes, star-shaped cells in the central nervous system, are essential to the survival and healthy function of brain neurons. But aberrant astrocytes may be driving neurodegenerative disorders. While most of us haven’t heard of astrocytes, ... Read more
Every few seconds, our eyelids automatically shutter and our eyeballs roll back in their sockets. So why doesn’t blinking plunge us into intermittent darkness and light? New research led by UC Berkeley shows that the brain ... Read more
The addition of the drug cetuximab to a standard chemotherapy and radiation regimen reduced the incidence of disease persistence or recurrence in patients with anal cancer, but was also associated with significant adverse effects, according ... Read more
A simple technique for producing oxide nanowires directly from bulk materials could dramatically lower the cost of producing the one-dimensional (1D) nanostructures. That could open the door for a broad range of uses in lightweight ... Read more
Be it the Mima mounds of Washington state or the famous “fairy circles” of Namibia in southwestern Africa, people are captivated by the regular patterns of plant growth that blanket desert and grassland landscapes, often ... Read more
The number of U.S. women taking maternity leave has not changed in 22 years despite factors that suggest it should be increasing, a new study found. During the same time, the number of fathers taking ... Read more
The latest issue of Accelerating News is now online and available to read. In this issue: A year of success for HL-LHC - The HL-LHC project achieved several important milestones in 2016. Moedas on SESAME and science diplomacy - EU Commissioner for R&I on SESAME as a model for science diplomacy. LINAC4 reaches target energy of 160 MeV - CERN's […]
a clear enhancement around the Bc+ mass in the D0 and K meson invariant mass spectrum. The contribution of the Bc+→D0K+ decay, shown as the red Gaussian distribution, is observed with a statistical significance of 5.1σ (Image: CERN) The LHCb collaboration presented several new results at the 9th International Workshop on the CKM Unitarity Triangle (CKM2016), which took place last week […]
Virginia Greco Participants to the CERN-hosted Design Characteristics of a Novel Linear Accelerator for Challenging Environments workshop, held on 7-8 November 2016. On 7-8 November 2016, CERN hosted a workshop on the Design Characteristics of a Novel Linear Accelerator for Challenging Environments. At this event, 70 experts in various fields relating to radiotherapy for cancer […]
The second issue of “On Track”, the AIDA-2020 EU project newsletter, is now available online. In this issue: the journey of the beam telecscope built for the AIDA-2020 project; the installation of the CERN Neutrino Platform dual-phase Time Projection Chamber prototype; the AIDA-2020 First Annual Meeting; and the Energy and time management with high-granularity silicon […]
Anaïs Rassat The Institute for Electric and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference 2016 (NSS/MIC) will take place in Strasbourg, France from 29th October to 6th November. CERN will have a strong presence there related to its contribution to High Energy Physics, medical imaging, health and safety, and knowledge transfer and […]
The human-machine interface helps visualise the measurements from industrial control and automation systems. Day-to-day LHC operations require a large number of highly specialised control systems, one such example being the system to manage the complex LHC’s cryogenic system. For over 15 years, CERN has been using a Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) system called Simatic […]
The latest issue of Accelerating News has just been published. In this issue, find out more about the approval of the ARIES proposal, and why it has been a great success; read about the "Achromatic Telescopic Squeezing" scheme, a new optical scheme which will be a key solution to the various challenges of the HL-LHC upgrade; or find out more […]
Andrew Purcell The young researchers have been co-funded by the European Commission as fellows at CERN and enrolled in doctoral programmes at the Maynooth University and Dublin City University (Image: Andrew Purcell/ CERN) ICE-DIP, the Intel-CERN European Doctorate Industrial Program, is a European Industrial Doctorate scheme led by CERN. Building on CERN’s long-standing relationship with Intel through CERN openlab, […]
Matthew Chalmers, Stefania Pandolfi When CERN was founded in 1954, the neutrino was technically still a figment of theorists’ imaginations. Six decades later, neutrinos have become the most studied of all elementary particles. Several new and upgraded neutrino-beam experiments planned in Japan and the US, in addition to the reactor-based JUNO experiment in China, aim […]
Christine Sutton Fred Reines, left, and Clyde Cowan, at the controls of the Savannah River experiment, which discovered the electron antineutrino in 1956. (Image: Los Alamos National Laboratory) Christine Sutton describes the pioneering 1956 experiment that proved the existence of the neutrino, and how subsequent particle-beam experiments at CERN and elsewhere contributed to unearthing a […]
As snow sweeps across the country and the cold seeps into our bones, thinking about balmy temperatures on exotic shores offers a little relief from […] The post “It’s Summer Somewhere in the World” appeared first on Smithsonian Insider.
Several weeks before it went on display in mid-November at the Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History, minerals curator Jeff Post stood in the museum’s […] The post Colossal diamond’s eerie glow Earns It a Fiery Name appeared first on Smithsonian Insider.
Known around the world for personal and culturally inspired choreography, Dana Tai Soon Burgess has been named the Smithsonian’s first choreographer-in-residence at the National Portrait […] The post Dana Tai Soon Burgess, the Smithsonian’s First Choreographer-in-residence appeared first on Smithsonian Insider.
Rainforests on infertile wet soils support more than half of all plant species. Shrublands on infertile dry soils in southwestern Australia, jokingly called “knee-high tropical […] The post Microbes rule in ‘knee-high tropical rainforests’ appeared first on Smithsonian Insider.
What’s an Asian small-clawed otter’s favorite enrichment toy? Anything it can get its paws on! This species’ dexterous, partially-webbed digits are adept at feeling for […] The post Otterly engaging: Zoo enrichment appeared first on Smithsonian Insider.
The Moon and its surface provide insight into the early history of the solar system in this video from the Smithsonian’s National Air and Space […] The post Uncovering the Moon’s Secrets appeared first on Smithsonian Insider.
The 11 farthest known stars in our galaxy are located about 300,000 light-years from Earth, well outside the Milky Way’s spiral disk. New research by […] The post Farthest Milky Way stars might be ripped from another galaxy appeared first on Smithsonian Insider.
Living trees can rot from the inside out, leaving only a hollowed trunk. Wood rot in living trees can cause overestimates of global carbon pools, […] The post Measuring trees with the speed of sound appeared first on Smithsonian Insider.
Since the year 2000, there has been a rapid increase in the Latino population in the United States. Cities that have had a strong Latino […] The post New exhibit examines explosive growth of Latino communities in four U.S. cities appeared first on Smithsonian Insider.
Every few thousand years, an unlucky star wanders too close to the black hole at the center of the Milky Way. The black hole’s powerful […] The post Our Galaxy’s Black Hole is Spewing Planet-size “Spitballs” appeared first on Smithsonian Insider.